A medium sized dog with no outstanding features other than the instantly recognizable by the distinct, spotted pattern.
The History Of The Dalmatian
The Dalmatian is known by children as the “Spotty Dog”, they originated from the Former Yugoslavia during the 15th century.
It has fulfilled many roles in its long and distinguished history. It is recognized as an excellent gun dog, working as a pointer. It also played a role as a shepherd dog in its native Dalmatia. However it was primarily as a coaching guard dog that was its primary role. It was trained to run beneath the carriage and protect the horses from any stray dogs that threatened them.
The Dalmatian has an ability to exactly match the carriage’s pace and slip between the horses hooves to escape marauding dog packs.
Description Of The Dalmatian
It has a long, thin tail which is not altered. The high set ears are carried close to the head and are unaltered.
The famous black & white spotted dog of Disney fame, the Dalmatian is a symmetrical, muscular, medium sized dog. A picture of elegance, with the lean, clean lines of the pointer.
The coat is pure white with covered in a random pattern of black, brown (liver), lemon, dark blue, tri colored, brindled or sable. Solid white dogs are frowned upon when showing. Feet are round with arched toes and with claws in white or of similar color to their spots.
The breed averages 22 - 24 inches in height at the shoulder and weigh around 50 - 55 pounds. Bitches are a couple of inches shorter and a little lighter.
Coat & Grooming
Minimal grooming required though frequent brushing is needed to cope with constant shedding. They do not have a doggy odor.
They need human companionship and if deprived will become depressed. For this reason they are not suited as yard dogs.
They enjoy playing with children but may be too enthusiastic and rough for toddlers. They mostly get along fine with family pets, but can be aggressive with strangers. They hate sitting around all day and will get bored. They are playful, sensitive and loyal. Fairly easy and willing to train if a game is made of it.
Life Expectancy and Health
The average life span for a Dalmatian is around 10 - 12 years.
Deafness affects 10-12% of Dalmatian puppies and every Dalmatian puppy should be BAER-tested for deafness. Totally deaf puppies should be spayed or neutered. They should be checked at around 6 weeks old.
Deaf dogs are very difficult to raise and become aggressive and snappish from fear.
Some suffer from urinary stones and skin allergies, particularly to synthetic fibers in carpets and upholstery.
Please read our page on health problems by clicking here.
Preferred Environment and Exercise Requirements
Not an ideal dog for apartment life unless it can be exercised several times a day.
They are very active indoors and need at least an average-sized yard. They should not be left outside in cold weather.
For More Information on the Dalmatian
To get more information, check out the Dalmatian web site:
There may also be rescue dogs available. Check for details on:
Ideally jogger's dog as the breed needs lots of exercise. If confined can be destructive and sometimes a compulsive barker. OK with older children but has been known to bite if over excited.
:: Dalmatian Training ::