The Briard is a big, strong dog with a body that is slightly longer than it is high. Double dewclaws on each rear leg are required .
The History Of The Briard
The Briard is also known as the Berger De Brie and they originated in France during the 1200's.
The breeds history can be traced back to the era of Emperor Charlemagne and can be seen depicted in eighth century tapestries. It is mentioned for its great courage and loyalty in records from the twelfth century onwards.
The French Briard with its bouncy stride is renowned as both a herder and a flock guardian. A club was formed in France in 1897. The introduction of the Briard to America is not well documented but thought that the Marquis de Lafayette may have brought some as gifts to his friend George Washington.
Description Of The Briard
The ears are set high and cropped in the US. The tail is carried low and has a small curl at the end called a crochet. It is not altered. The Briard is a large muscular dog with a long coarse and slightly wavy double coat.
Colors are usually black, gray, or tawny. The tawny puppy coat turns to a lighter coat as a yearling. The coat then darkens again to a richer adult coat. An adult coat is six inches or more in length and the dog sports a shaggy beard, eyebrows and mustache. The ears are usually clipped into a rounded shape so the hair cascades from them into the rest of the coat. The muzzle is long and square with a black nose. The tail is long and feathered.
Dogs are 24 - 27 inches tall at the shoulder and bitches somewhat shorter at 22 - 25 inches. They weigh from 75 - 90 pounds.
Coat & Grooming
The Briard`s coat is coarse and strong similar to that of a goat. Dirt and water are naturally repelled and if well groomed it sheds very little. Grooming will take you a couple of hours each week.
Temperament and Briard Training
The Briard is a working sheepdog by nature. They exceptionally good hearing. They are good natured with strong protective instinct. The Briard makes a good watchdog.
They are playful and obedient can be strong willed. This loyal, courageous breed has a good memory and they are intelligent with a lot of initiative. They are very trainable. They are eager to please but do need a firm owner able to show leadership.
Life Expectancy and Health
The average life span for a Briard is around 10-12 years.
Generally healthy, but some lines are prone to PRA, cataracts and hip dysplasia. Briards can suffer bloat and stomach torsion. The condition can come on quickly and without immediate medical intervention can prove fatal.
Please read our page on health problems by clicking here.
Preferred Environment and Exercise Requirements
The Briard can live in an apartment if given sufficient exercise. They are moderately active indoors and are best suited to an average size yard. They are not not suited for life in a kennel and are happiest in the home as part of the family.
The Briard are working dogs and will become restless if they are not excised enough. They love to swim or run alongside your bicycle and they make an excellent jogging companion. They perform very well in defense dog and police dog trials.
For More Information on the Briard
To get more information, check out the Briard web site:
There may also be rescue dogs available. Check for details on:
Briards are not a popular breed and puppies may be difficult to find.
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